History Of Chinese Arts
Any kind of art represents a history of traditions that were enrolled in the lives of humans for many centuries. The same is legible for the Chinese arts and their philosophy. Traditionally, the Chinese approach to art is defined through the major art systems that are distinguished in the world vision of life and its philosophy (Fairbank & Goldman 1998).
Chinese arts are is the combination of exclusive and exceptional as well as self-determining patterns in the history of arts. There are different opinions in regards to the Chinese arts as well as its perceptions by different people worldwide. In other words, such an approach to the Chinese traditions as well as to understanding the arts has been creating for ages of fantastic system of life (Timeline of Chinese History 2005).
In the world, Chinese arts are considered to be one of the most valuable findings of the world classifications of both audio and visual categories of arts, such as (U.S. Census 2005):
- The Chinese calligraphy is highlighted as one of the origins of Chinese Art and its visual representations for the reason that it addresses the creation of artistic effects on people.
- Chinese philosophy is commonly acknowledged as the combination of Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism as well as other related perceptions of living based on the ideological principles of personal growth of people through the specialized approach of the Chinese arts and their comprehensive development approaches. At the same time, these approaches closely relate to other origins of Chinese Arts such as Chinese horoscope.
- At the same time, the Chinese philosophy also addresses the exploration of
Chinese astrology, traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese martial arts. These elements of the Chinese philosophy adhere to the components of the constant process of learning with the only focus put on personal interactions in search for the balance in life.
- Chinese painting is a different kind of art that is categorized as the visual sort of art philosophy, which also represents the complete opposite approach to the arts compared to the western perceptions. Simply speaking, this kind of art is known as an alternative unique visual art supported by the Chinese traditional philosophic approaches to visualization. For example, Chinese paining serves as a means of reflecting complex deep-thinking pattern of living.
- Thus, each time people encounter a Chinese painting,, they are engaged with the variety of means for gratitude. In other words, the alternative means of the Chinese visual and audio representations is presented by the Chinese plays and acrobatics, Chinese comic dialogue and Chinese music.
- Chinese Opera is another way of expressing the all-inclusive imaginative communication of both audio and visual influence along with other patterns of Chinese arts.
Thus, the Chinese arts as well as Chinese history turn out to be the same in a variety of ways. In parallel, Chinese arts also have been under the impact of the broad-minded area of studies dedicated to the folk customs and traditions of the century. Therefore, Chinese arts represent the combination of different kinds of arts that depict the dissimilar viewpoints of the art philosophers with the focus on any further development through the course of history of humankind (Berliner & Tang 2003).
Chapter 1: Chinese Calligraphy
Chinese calligraphy is one of the existing types of calligraphy that is known worldwide and used in the Chinese cultural tradition, which address the styles of China, Korea, Vietnam and Japan. The most accepted traditions of the Chinese painting adhere to the Eastern perceptions of China. The core emphasis of the Chinese calligraphy addresses the writing with the help of ink. In fact, these traditions mean that all the writing is performed in a unique style. Besides, Chinese calligraphy is closely related to Chinese painting for the reason of similar cultural traditions to illustrate the variety of Chinese arts in the life of simple people. Hence, the style of writing looks as if it was connected with the dynamics of the life challenges. In other words, the approach of the Chinese calligraphy denotes the experience people have when dealing with the energy within, which, in its turn, reflects its outcbursts on the paper. This is the reason why it has become one of the Chinese arts in contemporary China and the Eastern world as a whole (X%u012Bgu%u012B 2000).
Chapter 2: Chinese Philosophy
Traditional Chinese philosophy could be considered as the sort of art. The original perceptions of Chinese philosophy adhere to the so-called “100 schools of Thought”, which represent the deep understanding of human character as well as the potential of any further growth and development. At the same time, the heart of Chinese philosophy adheres to the cultural implications that are closely related to the intellectual values of people in China. In fact, the traditional Chinese philosophy dates back to a couple of thousand years. The core philosophies of China are hidden in the ideas of Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism that together with other Chinese philosophies create an unique system of belief of different philosophies of the country (Cua 2003).
Chapter 3: Chinese Horoscope
The origin of the Chinese horoscope is based on the special kind of planning of the potential actions in lives of different people that all together makes the image of a cycle that is represented by the number of twelve animals and their signs. The Chinese horoscope is used in a variety of Eastern countries, including Vietnam, Japan and Korea. In the horoscope, twelve zodiac signs adhere to the single sign each, which represents the animals that are pertaining to the particular culture. At the same time, these signs explain the peculiarities of the personality that is associated with a specific animal by the year of birth, thus, relating it to the life of different people. Consequently, these kind of cycle differentiates the animals by years as well as month of the year, which illustrates a different perception compared to the Western style (Lau 2005).
Chapter 4: Chinese Astrology
The perceptions of the Chinese astrology are grounded on the traditional knowledge in terms of the overall astronomy and the way the calendars are created. The advancement of the Chinese astrology adheres to the times of the Han Dynasty that addressed Chinese astrology from the point of view of the variety of philosophies of China. The core approaches of the Chinese astrology are revealed in the philosophy of harmony connected with earth, water and heaven. At the same time, Chinese astrology is based on the principles and approaches of yin and yang as well as twelve calendar divisions that adhere to both the sun and moon calendars and, thus, represent the whole year (Wu 2005).
Chapter 5: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
The traditional concepts of the Chinese medicine adhere to the variety of medical practices that enroll the practical solutions in terms of the cultural dimensions of Chinese people. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) exists for over two hundred years now and covers the approaches of acupuncture, massage (Tui na), dietary therapy and herbal medicine. The principles of Chinese medicine are closely connected with yin and yang as well as the so-called five phases. Generally, traditional Chinese medicine combines the practice of anatomy, pathology, and science knowledge rooted in the skills of Chinese professional approach to medicine. However, not all the approaches of the traditional Chinese medicine are accepted in the world medicine. Besides, traditional Chinese medicine has a strong power over the body of the human along with its structure and functionality of individual organs as well as other activities that stop the process of aging. Still, the key concepts are hidden in the search for harmony through close interactions with nature (Sivin 2000).
Chapter 6: Chinese Martial Arts
Chinese martial arts are well-known and represented by kung fu or wushu that illustrate plenty of styles that could be used in fighting. These concepts have developed through long years of practice of martial arts masters of China. Such styles traditionally have categories, which represent the traits that address the human powers through the animal abilities. A strong level of professionalism could be achieved only by regular practice that comprise a lot of training for human body and soul. In addition, the Chinese martial arts adhere to the Chinese philosophy as well as different training styles that are aimed at teaching people to concentrate and thus easily manipulate the body and its core functions (Wong 2002).
Chapter 7: Chinese Painting
The understanding of Chinese paining adheres to the six basic principles that are important to reveal the depth of the piece of art as well as its meaning in the context of Chinese art history. These six elements represent the art of paining (Rawson, 2007):
- Spirit Resonance, which is also known as strength and reflects the emotional atmosphere of the artwork. The idea is to illustrate the energy of the spirit within the paining;
- Bone Method, which means the ability of people to use the brush, which examines the texture through the means of personal implications that are inbuilt in the painting;
- Correspondence to the Object, which adheres to the matter of form, its lines that combined with other illustration effects turn into shapes of the painting;
- Suitability to Type, which adheres to the role of color on the illustration with all the tone, layers and overall value of the painting;
- Division and Planning, which is known as the placing effect of the organization of the painting objects where the composition addresses the meaning of the painting;
- Transmission by Copying, which represents the fact of duplicating the styles of other painters through the prism of personal inspiration.
Chapter 8: Chinese Literature
The Chinese literature numbers many thousand years, including the young and mature novelists. The core of the development of the Chinese literature addresses the times of the Ming Dynasty that was aimed at denoting the knowledge of the events that took place in other Dynasties such as Tang, Song, etc (Cui & Cai 2012).
Chapter 9: Chinese Music
Chinese music is all about the events of the past Chinese happenings that are covered in the Chinese literature and cultural history of the country. The contemporary concept of Chinese music is deeply rooted in the Chinese heritage in relation to the nation worldwide. Generally, Chinese music represents the sounds of nature that are combined with the national instruments of China (Shen 2001).
Chapter 10: Chinese Opera
Chinese opera is famous for its drama and audio representation. One of the most popular Chinese opera representations is the national branch of the Beijing opera that is highly valued by the local people as well as respected by the other nationalities that live in the country (Jo 1997).
To conclude, the world of China is immeasurable in a variety of terms. The findings claim the discoveries on every step of the research. The idea of Chinese art is to duplicate the divine beauty and at the same time its wisdom and power but that is possible only for the native Chinese people (Fang 1980).
The traditions of the Chinese culture are so diversified and meaningful that there is no room to dissolve anything, especially Chinese philosophy that people can only admire. Further discussion could be continued over and over again as this is impossible to address all the aspects of the Chinese arts in detail (Chan 1973).
The same goes for the possible prospect or development of the Chinese arts. The truth is that the only way to deeply understand the nature of Chinese traditions is to live in China for the rest of life and yet this would be only the beginning of the explorations in the world of China (International Congress in Chinese Philosophy 1995).