Why They Kill

Violent offenders have given varied responses on the motives for their crimes. In most cases, the violent offenders are driven by external forces to commit crimes in public. Most of these crimes relates to theft and killings. Among the major motives driving violent offenders into criminal activities is the urge to gain in plenty. According to Athens, most crime offenders are driven by the urge to supplement the little they have. This drives them to engage in such crimes like theft. Other crime offenders are driven by the urge to kook superior among their partner and in public. This happens because criminal activities are always associated with one being superior in public eyes. This acts as a motivating factor to crime offenders. In some cases, crime offenders are motivated by fame and superiority due to their acts.In his explanation, Athens categorized communities in their approach to the issue of violence. In this case, the criminologist noted that different communities have varying approach on issues of violence. Genocidal acts characterize phantom communities as explained by Athens. Three categories of communities were considered in his explanation on phantom communities. Some minor communities prefer using nonviolent means in solving conflicts arising among themselves. The second category is the turbulent minor community that makes use of two approaches in solving conflicts. This group uses both violent and nonviolent ways in resolving disputes. The use of the two approaches varies from one member of the community to the other depending on the nature of conflict. The last group is the malignant community composed of characters who believe in chaos in resolving their conflicts. This group is also referred as genocidal due to the violent approach they make in solving their conflicts (Stevens, 2009).Crime offenders develop varied mental picture or self-image rising from their actions and how people perceive them. These images result from how the individual see himself or herself. Violent crimes always give negative images to the crime offenders and this makes them feel low among other people in the society (Durham, 2009). There are three types of self-images that develop in the mind of violent offenders. There is the poor self-image that results from criticism from other people. This instills negative mind in the person being victimized. This makes the violent offenders feel victimized developing a negative self-image. There is also residual self-image where violent offenders perceive themselves as segregated part of the society or portraying a unique appearance.Violent subjugation is the process where one is forced to comply with the rules by use of verbal force and violence. Individuals in this case are forced to make strict compliance with the verbal conditions given by the group they are involved in. This ends up in long-term submission to the orders give by the group. The individuals are also forced to act according to the rules and engage in crimes as a way of proving their submission to the rules. This process is characterized by use of force and excessive violence in ensuring the individuals comply with commands. For example, an individual is forced to undertake robbery or attack his or her partners. In this case, force is used to make the individual comply with the given instructions. Individuals may show resistance by acting contrary to what they are expected to do. This always results in violence and threats among the members of the group.In personal horrification, an individual is exposed to scenes or images of someone close to them. This instills inner conflict in the person. In this process, individuals are forced to accept the nature of events regarding crimes committed on people close to them. Individuals undergoing this process begin to suffer inner conflict and guilt over the acts done on their partners. This process is meant to make the individuals strong and fight fear in facing violence and threats (Stevens, 2009). The individual tries to resist by acting violently and failing to comply with the agreements in the group.Violent coaching is one of the stages in violentization process. This is where the brutalized gets advice to depend on his or her self. In this case, one is supposed to rely on his tactics for defense. This encourages a person to have self responsibility to commit a crime. It goes further in defending oneself in case of an attack (Rhodes, 2001). Coaching is a much broader area in violentization which has other stages. The first is the coercion where threats of violence are given if one does not stick to the rules of violent coaching. The second in violent coaching is ridicule where violence is prompted by mockery. In this case, one is forced to engage in daring violence attacks and expected to defend him or herself in case of an attack.Belligerency also a step in the violent coaching and mainly refers to the person being coaching and his or her response to the process. In this case, the individual being coached can resist being brutalized. The process also refers to one overcoming emotions that discourage violence. In this case, one is trained on how to build confidence by being exposed to a series of violence attacks. If one comes out of the process successfully, he or she can be said to have enough confidence and capability to resist attacks (Rhodes, 2001).Communities have their different ways of approaching violent attacks and solving conflicts. Communities engage in dialogues in trying to find a lasting solution to conflicts among them. Violent attacks may erupt from these dialogues due to disagreements that may arise. This mainly happens when those involved in dialogue fail to agree on the way of solving their conflicts. In this way, some members of the community may feel intimidated by the solution given which result in disagreements and violence. According to Athens, solution to the problems arising among phantom communities can be solved through dialogue if the communities are ready to come to an agreement over an issue affecting them. Depending on the nature of conflict an agreement may be reached that will help in ending the conflict. In some cases, communities may fail to reach an agreement and this ends in violence (Durham, 2009).In violent performance, brutalized youths respond by reacting violently. They become angry resulting to the violence exposed to them in the coaching process. This leads to the young people engaging in extreme violent activities and crimes as revenge against the violence they faced. Violent performance acts as a way of instilling feelings of anger where the individual responds with violence (Stevens, 2009).Virulency helps individuals to overcome fear since they are usually regarded as dangerous and violent. The ability to instill fear in others helps the individuals survive threats and attacks. This stage is also characterized by individuals being able to control others by using violence and instilling fear in others. This stage is marked by the individuals defining themselves as dangerous after going through coaching. Those who undergo this stage are violent with the capability to instill fear in others. Through this way, the individuals are able to overcome threats and attacks. They are also viewed as violent among their partners with the capability to perform in different threats. Individuals in this stage are also known to have violent self-image (Rhodes, 2001). In cases where individuals use excessive violence to control others, issue of extreme virulency comes in. According to Athens, extreme virulence is the final stage of violentization where individuals use excessive violence to gain control over others. Such extreme violence includes torture, sexual slavery and mutilation. Individuals in this case make use of these extreme violent behaviors to instill fear and control others.Athens refers the theory of violentization as a social learning theory because it relates to the social issues among people in the society. The issues discussed are directly related to the daily life of people. It also elaborates on the issue of violence which is a common thing among people and communities at large. It also deals with the social way of life of the people and the internal affairs relating to the peoples’ way of life. The theory makes a direct connection between the crimes and the offenders together with the motivating factors to committing the crimes. Athens theory lays a good foundation in the study of criminal activities done by violent offenders. It is also a good platform in solving conflicts arising from communities which touches on the social life of the people.
Violent offenders have given varied responses on the motives for their crimes. In most cases, the violent offenders are driven by external forces to commit crimes in public. Most of these crimes relates to theft and killings. Among the major motives driving violent offenders into criminal activities is the urge to gain in plenty. According to Athens, most crime offenders are driven by the urge to supplement the little they have. This drives them to engage in such crimes like theft. Other crime offenders are driven by the urge to kook superior among their partner and in public. This happens because criminal activities are always associated with one being superior in public eyes. This acts as a motivating factor to crime offenders. In some cases, crime offenders are motivated by fame and superiority due to their acts.

In his explanation, Athens categorized communities in their approach to the issue of violence. In this case, the criminologist noted that different communities have varying approach on issues of violence. Genocidal acts characterize phantom communities as explained by Athens. Three categories of communities were considered in his explanation on phantom communities. Some minor communities prefer using nonviolent means in solving conflicts arising among themselves. The second category is the turbulent minor community that makes use of two approaches in solving conflicts. This group uses both violent and nonviolent ways in resolving disputes. The use of the two approaches varies from one member of the community to the other depending on the nature of conflict. The last group is the malignant community composed of characters who believe in chaos in resolving their conflicts. This group is also referred as genocidal due to the violent approach they make in solving their conflicts (Stevens, 2009).

Crime offenders develop varied mental picture or self-image rising from their actions and how people perceive them. These images result from how the individual see himself or herself. Violent crimes always give negative images to the crime offenders and this makes them feel low among other people in the society (Durham, 2009). There are three types of self-images that develop in the mind of violent offenders. There is the poor self-image that results from criticism from other people. This instills negative mind in the person being victimized. This makes the violent offenders feel victimized developing a negative self-image. There is also residual self-image where violent offenders perceive themselves as segregated part of the society or portraying a unique appearance.

Violent subjugation is the process where one is forced to comply with the rules by use of verbal force and violence. Individuals in this case are forced to make strict compliance with the verbal conditions given by the group they are involved in. This ends up in long-term submission to the orders give by the group. The individuals are also forced to act according to the rules and engage in crimes as a way of proving their submission to the rules. This process is characterized by use of force and excessive violence in ensuring the individuals comply with commands. For example, an individual is forced to undertake robbery or attack his or her partners. In this case, force is used to make the individual comply with the given instructions. Individuals may show resistance by acting contrary to what they are expected to do. This always results in violence and threats among the members of the group.

In personal horrification, an individual is exposed to scenes or images of someone close to them. This instills inner conflict in the person. In this process, individuals are forced to accept the nature of events regarding crimes committed on people close to them. Individuals undergoing this process begin to suffer inner conflict and guilt over the acts done on their partners. This process is meant to make the individuals strong and fight fear in facing violence and threats (Stevens, 2009). The individual tries to resist by acting violently and failing to comply with the agreements in the group.

Violent coaching is one of the stages in violentization process. This is where the brutalized gets advice to depend on his or her self. In this case, one is supposed to rely on his tactics for defense. This encourages a person to have self responsibility to commit a crime. It goes further in defending oneself in case of an attack (Rhodes, 2001). Coaching is a much broader area in violentization which has other stages. The first is the coercion where threats of violence are given if one does not stick to the rules of violent coaching. The second in violent coaching is ridicule where violence is prompted by mockery. In this case, one is forced to engage in daring violence attacks and expected to defend him or herself in case of an attack.

Belligerency also a step in the violent coaching and mainly refers to the person being coaching and his or her response to the process. In this case, the individual being coached can resist being brutalized. The process also refers to one overcoming emotions that discourage violence. In this case, one is trained on how to build confidence by being exposed to a series of violence attacks. If one comes out of the process successfully, he or she can be said to have enough confidence and capability to resist attacks (Rhodes, 2001).

Communities have their different ways of approaching violent attacks and solving conflicts. Communities engage in dialogues in trying to find a lasting solution to conflicts among them. Violent attacks may erupt from these dialogues due to disagreements that may arise. This mainly happens when those involved in dialogue fail to agree on the way of solving their conflicts. In this way, some members of the community may feel intimidated by the solution given which result in disagreements and violence. According to Athens, solution to the problems arising among phantom communities can be solved through dialogue if the communities are ready to come to an agreement over an issue affecting them. Depending on the nature of conflict an agreement may be reached that will help in ending the conflict. In some cases, communities may fail to reach an agreement and this ends in violence (Durham, 2009).

In violent performance, brutalized youths respond by reacting violently. They become angry resulting to the violence exposed to them in the coaching process. This leads to the young people engaging in extreme violent activities and crimes as revenge against the violence they faced. Violent performance acts as a way of instilling feelings of anger where the individual responds with violence (Stevens, 2009).

Virulency helps individuals to overcome fear since they are usually regarded as dangerous and violent. The ability to instill fear in others helps the individuals survive threats and attacks. This stage is also characterized by individuals being able to control others by using violence and instilling fear in others. This stage is marked by the individuals defining themselves as dangerous after going through coaching. Those who undergo this stage are violent with the capability to instill fear in others. Through this way, the individuals are able to overcome threats and attacks. They are also viewed as violent among their partners with the capability to perform in different threats. Individuals in this stage are also known to have violent self-image (Rhodes, 2001). In cases where individuals use excessive violence to control others, issue of extreme virulency comes in. According to Athens, extreme virulence is the final stage of violentization where individuals use excessive violence to gain control over others. Such extreme violence includes torture, sexual slavery and mutilation. Individuals in this case make use of these extreme violent behaviors to instill fear and control others.

Athens refers the theory of violentization as a social learning theory because it relates to the social issues among people in the society. The issues discussed are directly related to the daily life of people. It also elaborates on the issue of violence which is a common thing among people and communities at large. It also deals with the social way of life of the people and the internal affairs relating to the peoples’ way of life. The theory makes a direct connection between the crimes and the offenders together with the motivating factors to committing the crimes. Athens theory lays a good foundation in the study of criminal activities done by violent offenders. It is also a good platform in solving conflicts arising from communities which touches on the social life of the people.

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