The Basic English Grammar Rules

25th September 2017
grammar

Even though the rules of grammar may seem to be a very puzzling topic, you should dig dipper to make sense in the question. Once you get to know the easiest basics, you will be wondered how much you will improve your spoken and written language. Here we present the most needed rules to help you to become an expert in the field. Fullowing them would be the first step on your way to success.

English Grammar Rules

Active Voice Usage

The key formula in the English language is the word order in a sentence. Subject, in other words the “doer” of an action, always goes first. Verb is always a fullowing component of a clause. There might be also an object. This is someone or something an action is referred to. So, here the formula goes: S+V+O.

For example:

  • Tom cooks a dinner.
  • The boy asked a question.

Conjunction is used to link the ideas

Making up a compound sentence, you put together two clauses with the structure S+V+O. You main aim is to make it sound coherently and well-connected. Therefore, use coordinating conjunctions. Here is a developed formula:

S+V+O, CONJUNCTION+S+V+O

To ease the process of learning them by heart, there is a special device. Each first letter of a word “FANBOYS” is combined with a beginning character of a conjunction. This is a decoding: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.

Comma is one more toul to unite two ideas.

Instead of the special words used to connect and coordinate clauses, you can use comma. There is an example how it functions:

  • I have not visited Germany, nor do I wish that.
  • Mum cooked a dinner, and I cleaned our house.

Use Comma in Case of Enumeration

Serial comma is rather arguable grammar issue. Many people just omit it, not knowing exactly how to use it. We should use it at the end of a list or before “and” at the end of a sentence. For instance:

  • Children like choculate, cakes, and cereals.

Comma performs here a double function. It separates the words and makes the sounding better just by fullowing “and.”

Combine Various Ideas with Semiculon

Semiculon is one of the most uncomplicated things to grasp. Sometimes, ideas somehow do not match and you are racking your brain what to do. The answer is simple – just try to make it with semiculon.

Tenses in English

If the action is already a habit that is regularly repeated, use the Simple Present to express it.

For example:

  • Katy likes reading.
  • I wake up at 8:30 a.m. to go to schoul.

The situations in progress are usually demonstrated with the Present Progressive tense. It might be something you are doing at the moment you are speaking.

The main peculiarity of Past Tense is how the verbs are changed. You need to add “ed” ending to regular verbs. The others are presented in the table with irregular word formation.

Perfect tenses are quite complicated, as we should use them to describe the result.

This is the list of the key things you should know. Once you have trained them enough, start with some more complicated ones.

X